Sustainable Development Management
25 Sep 2007
Sustainable development management should be treated as a top priority among strategic activities. The sustainable development strategy is the main strategy, which should be harmonized at various levels of management: European Union, country, local authority, enterprise, institution, family and each citizen.Families and each one of us, apart from central and local authorities, enterprises and institutions, constitute important links in implementation of sustainable development strategy. In the chain of harmonized strategic activities for improved life quality of the present and future generations that aim at our planet’s survival, integral approach plays a significant role. Getting aware about spirituality of individuals and societies, relationships between material and spiritual things, is an important step toward implementation of sustainable development.The document Strategy for Sustainable Development of Poland to 2025 expresses the goals and scope of operations in the following way:“Preparation of the Strategy for Sustainable Development of Poland, hereafter called the Strategy, should, first of all, facilitate creation of conditions stimulating development processes which endanger the environment to the least extent. It is thus necessary to gradually eliminate processes and economic activities which are harmful to the environment and human health, to promote environmentally friendly methods of management and accelerate processes that restore the environment into its right condition wherever the upset of ecological balance occurred. Implementation of those requirements may not at the same time cause undesirable decline in the rate of economic growth, or widen the poverty margin, i.e. increasing or creating new social tensions and economic threats. In order to integrate directions of economic, social and ecological development, the Strategy for Sustainable Development of Poland to 2025 will specify correlations and interrelations among them and will mark out their directions and limitations. At the same time, the Strategy may not replace or double the strictly specialized policies, strategies and sector programs, with their own instrumentation, actors and time horizons. However, it dictates directions and framework for development of those sectors. Policies of different sectors should therefore constitute development and particularization of the principles, directions and goals stipulated by the Strategy.The general assumption of the Strategy for Sustainable Development of Poland is maintaining the current, aprox. 5%, economic growth, with indication of the target, approximately four times increase in efficiency of utilisation of raw materials, fuels and natural resources with reference to the unit of gross national product. At the same time, the Strategy should consider the needs regarding:
|–||the country territorial and ecological safety,|
|–||maintaining sovereignty of the State,|
|–||health and social protection of each citizen,|
|–||observance of the constitutional rights and obligations,|
|–||respect for and observance of the existing legal order|
Scientific circles, ecologic non-governmental organizations and representatives of the central and local administration who are aware of the threats of various crises and disasters potentially stemming from uncoordinated intensive economic development, without respect for social and ecological aspects of life, have demanded preparation of the document of this type for years.
In light of the constitutional obligation to promote sustainable development of the country, the task is the responsibility of the state administration, local self-governments, business entities and individual citizens. Parliament and the President of the Republic of Poland should serve as guarantors on behalf of the society and the State – serving, however, with creative functions.”
So, pursuant to the Strategy document, Parliament and President of the Republic of Poland have creative functions as far as sustainable development strategy at the level of Poland is concerned.
The current Strategy was passed as a Resolution of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland of March 2, 1999.
Secretariat-General DGI in June, 2006, by a document No. 10117/06 published an updated version of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS). Analyzing the structure of the document and comparing it with the Polish Strategy, it seems that Polish Strategy needs to be updated. It must also treated as one of the most important Polish documents, and the society should learn to obligate the President, Prime Minister and Parliament of the Polish Republic to account for any failures in its implementation. This means the structure, and, in some sections, the content of the Strategy should be changed.
In Poland, the document called the National Development Strategy [in Polish – Strategia Rozwoju Kraju] is in practice treated as the most important, major document on development. It is indispensable and very important as it is one of significant prerequisites for obtaining EU funds. However, for all of us, Poles, the document Strategy for Sustainable Development of Poland (harmonized with the EU SDS document) should be very important. It should serve nor only as a model for strategies, policies, sector programs, but also express the vision and the will of the society of Poland for development. The content of this document should be treated by the President, Parliament and Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland as the basis for the countrywide management.
In the EU SDS document, among key objectives, occurs, apart from the famous triple-bottom-line approach, the goal of international responsibility for enhancing, defending and establishing new democratic institutions throughout the world, based on peace, security and freedom.